Make sure you scroll down to see all of the games listed on this page. This page includes information on Regulation Baseball, Thunder Ball, Whiffle Ball, and 4 Square Throwing.
Baseball is a game between two teams of nine players each, played on an enclosed field.
Objectives and Rules
The objective of each team is to win by scoring more runs than the other team.
The winner of the game is the team who scored the greater number of runs at the conclusion of a regulation game.
A regulation game consists of nine innings, unless extended because of a tie score.
When three outs have been called in an inning, the teams switch to either offense or defense. One inning has been completed when both teams have batted and 3 outs have been called on both teams.
The same batting order is followed throughout the game.
A batter has completed his time at bat when he/she is out or becomes a runner.
A batter is out in any of the following ways -
A RUN (or SCORE) is the score made by a batter who advances from batter to runner and touches first, second, third and home bases in that order.
A BATTER is an offensive player who stands in the batter's box and attempts to hit a ball thrown to him/her by the pitcher.
A PITCHER is the fielder designated to deliver the pitch to the batter. The pitcher pitches the ball to the batter and the batter attempts to hit the pitch and become a runner. The defense attempts to catch the ball after it is hit and put the batter and/or runners out.
A PITCH is a ball delivered to the batter by the pitcher.
A STRIKE is a legal pitch when called by the teacher. A strike is called when the batter swings and misses. Also, when the batter does not swing but it was in the strike zone.
The STRIKE ZONE is the area over home plate between the top of the batter's knees and the shoulders. The Strike Zone is determined by the batter's stance.
A BALL is a pitch that is not swung at, but is outside of the strike zone
A RUNNER is an offensive player who is advancing toward, touching, or returning to any base.
The BATTER'S BOX is the area within which the batter shall stand during his time at bat.
A FORCE PLAY is a play in which a runner loses his right to occupy a base because the batter is becoming a runner.
A GROUND BALL is a batted ball that rolls or bounces close to the ground.
An INFIELDER is a fielder who occupies a position in the infield.
An OUTFIELDER is a fielder who occupies a position in the outfield, which is the area furthest away from home base.
Thunder Ball/Whiffle Ball
Both of these games will be played from a tee. Thunder Ball involves a baseball game that does not require base running. It is a good buildup game to help practice the skills of baseball without knowing all of the rules yet. There are designated areas that are worth a particular amount of points. For example, the back wall might be worth 2 points, the side wall worth 1, and hitting through a hoop worth 7. There are still fielders who can catch or stop a ball before it gets to a scoring area. I usually just go through the whole batting order so everyone gets a chance to hit. Whiffle ball will help the students get a feel for baseball rules and skills such as base running, tagging up, force out, stealing, strike outs, and walks.
4 Square Throwing/"Not in my Backyard"
The gym is divided into 4 squares. There is a team for each square. I put out a bunch of balls in the middle. The point of the game is to not have any balls in your square when I say “time”. The students must get the balls out of their square with whatever skill I tell them to use.